Komodo island is one of the main islands in Komodo and located at the western end of the Komodo National Park. Komodo island is approximately 37km long and 22km wide and about 336km2.
This island was probably the first to form from volcanic activity in the Jurrasic era about 130 to 134 million years ago. Gunung Ara and Gunung Stalibo are two mountains on this island, where the extensive water sources can be found. Waterflow is dependent upon the dense forest cover in this area. These water sources provide limited fresh water via springs and pools throughout the year on this island, but the quality and size of these springs vary greatly.
There are some species of wildlife living on this island especialy Komodo dragons, the last giant lizards on our planet that are almost extinct. According to the survey taken in the year 2000, there are 1.009 Komodo dragons living on this island. Timor deer, wild boar, water buffalo, long-tailed grey macaques, palm civet, bats, rats and birds like great-billed heron, white-bellied sea eagle, stork, orange-footed scrubfowl, green junglefowl, white-breasted waterhen, sulpher-crested cockatoo, lesser coucal, and oriental scops-owl are included as well.